​Top Seven Programming Languages to Learn for 2018

It’s no mystery that in 2018 we’ll still use a variety of programming languages. But, it’s harder to determine which languages will be the most important. Learning the right languages now will future-proof your career! 

In order, here are our top seven programming languages for 2018:

#1 Javascript

Javascript is easy to learn and implement. It’s free to use and can be implemented in both web and hybrid mobile applications. Javascript is also becoming a popular server-side language giving you a single syntax for both front and back end of web based or mobile applications.

#2 C++

Traditionally, one of the most popular languages, C++ is here to stay. C++ is known for pushing processors to their limits. It is a flexible language that can be used for everything from video games to financial applications—anything where speed is of the essence. There is tons of legacy code written in C++ and it’s definitely here to stay.

#3 C

Like C++, C has been ported to most, if not all, platforms, massively increasing its longevity. One of its most powerful features is its ability to allocate and write directly to memory. Initially, most languages were also forced to be implemented through C. On top of that, C-syntax is very elegant and clean. It’s the basis of most modern languages used today. However, when doing low-level micro-programming C remains, often, the only option.

#4 Java

The sheer number of Java practitioners will insure a healthy future for this language. Enterprise businesses, such as banks, financial firms and insurance companies, use Java due to its speed and performance. Additionally, the Android OS runs on Java which alone provides a market big enough to sustain its popularity.

#5 Swift

This is a new programming language that Apple released in 2014. It is designed to be a modern language that could be easily mastered. It borrows a lot of useful features from other popular languages. Swift will become the singular choice for iOS development, meaning as long as Apple maintains its lofty position, Swift will remain a popular language.

#6 Python

Python is predominantly used by people from the statistics and scientific fields. It’s easy to learn and has a dedicated community that actively creates libraries to help you find what you need to know. Additionally, Python is the frequent choice for server automation and scripting.

#7 Ruby On Rails

Like Python, Ruby has a strong community around it that’s set on supporting and growing it. One big feature is the language’s ability to accommodate changes, making rapid development a lot easier. The only real downfall is not all hosts support Ruby on Rails, although that is slowly but surely changing.

Written By: Adam Hayes


  1. Thank you so much! I was just looking for a current list like this yesterday. I figured anything more than a couple years old would be inaccurate. Good to see I’m on the right path.

  2. An accurate list with relevant descriptions. Other languages that will be here to stay for a while is the .NET Framework languages (particularly C#.NET, but even VB.NET is surprisingly used quite a bit in the industry). They’re certainly less “hip” than languages like Python and Ruby, but a quick browse of job postings makes it clear that they are still a major player in the game. Many programmers have a certain disdain for Microsoft, and I must admit that I was originally hesitant to learn the .NET Framework (I’ve always had more respect for the Open Source Software world than closed source corporations). Once I actually began using the .NET Framework, I realized that it actually is quite powerful and useful.

    Another set of languages that are widely used today, and will continue to be widely used, is the various implementations of SQL, particularly SQL Server (T-SQL) and MySQL (the “M” of the LAMP stack). Although there are many implementations of SQL (SQL itself is abstract – while the various flavors of it are the concrete manifestations), these implementations tend to all be very similar. Some people say that the relational database is dying and will be replaced by non-relational databases and languages such as MongoDB and NoSQL (NoSQL is a deceptive name, as it is quite different than traditional implementations of SQL). However, people have been saying this for a long time, and they’re still widely used. Not only that, relational databases have some key advantages over non-relational databases. Then again, there are also advantages to non-relational databases; which you should use depends on your particular needs/goals. Even if you’re primarily a Java or Python programmer, some proficiency in database programming languages provides you with much more marketable skills – since mastery over collecting, storing, analyzing and interacting with data is a crucial skill in the business world. SQL is generally not meant for creating complete applications on its own, but is usually used as a “side-kick” to the main language of an application. Even if you only know database programming, there is still practical use for that by itself in reporting, data mining, etc.

  3. I’d add ‘R’ to top 5 list. R is the best bet to learn for statistical and data science needs. A domain which shows no signs of slowdown in next 15 years.

  4. Ruby on Rails is not a programming language, but a framework. Ruby is the language. Also, C (and at some point C++) will give way to more modern system programming languages such as Go and Rust. This of course is my opinion, we’ll have to wait and see.

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